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Brigham and Women's Hospital
Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH, "The Brigham") is the largest hospital of the Longwood Medical and Academic Area in Boston, Massachusetts, USA. It is Harvard Medical School's second largest teaching affiliate with 793 beds. With Massachusetts General Hospital, it is one of the two founding members of Partners HealthCare, the largest healthcare provider in Massachusetts.
Core service lines
- Dana-Farber/Brigham and Women’s Cancer Center: The center brings together a cancer institute and a hospital, creating 13 specialized disease centers.
- Carl J. and Ruth Shapiro Cardiovascular Center.
- Brigham and Women’s Orthopedic and Arthritis Center: They specialize in research and therapies for bone and joint disease and injury.
- Brigham and Women’s Neurosciences Institute: The BWH Neurosciences Institute offers treatments for all diseases of the nervous system. The institute integrates neurology, neurosurgery, psychiatry and neuroradiology, with advanced research and clinical trials.
- Mary Horrigan Connors Center for Women’s Health: BWH specializes in high-risk obstetric care, newborn intensive care, infertility services, complex gynecologic surgery, and gender-specific care.
- Osher Center for Integrative Medicine including Chiropractic care.
Quality and safety
In the early 1990s, BWH pioneered Computerized Physician Order Entry (CPOE) to prevent medication errors. BWH has received patient safety awards for its electronic Medication Administration Record (eMAR) and bar-coding system, which places barcodes on patients’ medications, name bands and nurses’ badges. A nurse scans all three barcodes before administering a medication to ensure that each patient receives the correct medication and dosage at the correct time. The orthopedic surgery department focused on patients' satisfaction for those who received knee and hip replacements. Leaders in the department included John Wright, Mary Anne Kenyon, and Carolyn Beagan, but they gave little attention to holding costs down.
In 2009 the BWH Biomedical Research Institute (BRI) received $485 million in research support from all sources. For over a decade, it has been one of the two hospitals receiving the most National Institutes of Health (NIH) funding among independent hospitals in the United States. It employs over 3,300 researchers.
BRI has worked on regenerative medicine, designing nanoparticles to attack different types of cancer, and starting a clinical trial for a type of Alzheimer’s disease vaccine. BWH research also includes population studies including the Nurses’ Health Study and Physicians’ Health Study.
The 21st century has seen dramatic shifts in the diagnostic and therapeutic approach to lung carcinomas, beginning with the discovery of EGFR mutations and their role in directing management with targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitors. Since 2003 this has reshaped the approach at the molecular diagnostic testing center at the Brigham and Women's Hospital/Dana-Farber Cancer Institute.
Brigham and Women's represents the 1980 merger of three Harvard-affiliated Boston hospitals:
- Peter Bent Brigham Hospital established in 1913
- Robert Breck Brigham Hospital established in 1914
- Boston Hospital for Women established in 1966 as a merger of:
- Brigham and Women's Hospital
- Hospital Staff. "Chiropractic Care at the Osher Center". Brigham and Women's Hospital. http://brighamandwomens.org/Departments_and_Services/medicine/Services/oshercenter/chiropractic_care.aspx. Retrieved 2013-12-29.
- Thomas W. Cooley, et al. "Implementation of computerized prescriber order entry in four academic medical centers," American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy (12/15/2012) 69#24 pp 2166-2173
- "Patients Come First at Brigham and Women's Department of Orthopedic Surgery," Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery, American Volume (March 2013) Special Report, Jeffrey Shyu, p17-23.
- Neal Lindeman, "Molecular Diagnostics of Lung Cancers at the Brigham and Women's Hospital and Dana-Farber Cancer Institute: Technology in Rapid Evolution," Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine (Oct 2012) 136#10 pp 1198-1200
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