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CCGPP on Trigger Points and Myofascial pain syndrome
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Trigger points and myofascial pain syndrome
- Evidence level B (moderately strong evidence) – manual therapies provide immediate pain relief for trigger points (TrPs) 
- Evidence level C (limited evidence) – supporting manual therapies for long term use in management of TrPs and myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) 
- Level A (substantial evidence) – laser therapy is effective for TrPs and MPS 
- Level B – TENS may be effective for immediate relief for TrPs 
- Level C – (frequency modulated neural stimulation) FREMS, (high-voltage galvanic stimulation) HVGS, (electrical muscle stimulation) EMS and Interfential current (IFC) 
- Level C – ultrasound no more effective than placebo 
- Level B - magnets may be effective for TrPs and MPS 
- Level B – deep acupuncture for TrPs for up to 3 months 
- Vernon, H et al (Jan 2009). "Chiropractic management of myofascial trigger points and myofascial pain syndrome: a systematic review of the literature". J Manipulative Physiol Ther 32 (1): 14-24. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=Chiropractic+management+of+myofascial+trigger+points+and+myofascial+pain+syndrome%3A+a+systematic+review+of+the+literature. Retrieved 12-8-2013.