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Chinese herbology

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File:Xi'an traditionnal medecine market (20).JPG
Dried herbs and plant portions for Chinese herbology at a Xi'an market

Chinese herbology (simplified Chinese: 中药学; traditional Chinese: 中藥學; pinyin: zhōngyào xué) is the theory of traditional Chinese herbal therapy, which accounts for the majority of treatments in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM).

The term herbology is misleading in the sense that, while plant elements are by far the most commonly used substances, animal, human, and mineral products are also utilized. Thus, the term "medicinal" (instead of herb) is usually preferred as a translation for 药 (pinyin: yào).[1]

The effectiveness of traditional Chinese herbal therapy remains poorly documented.[2] There are concerns over a number of potentially toxic Chinese herbs.[3]

File:Xi'an traditionnal medecine market (18).JPG
Ready to drink macerated medicinal liquor with goji berry, tokay gecko, and ginseng, for sale at a traditional medicine market .in Xi'an, China