Please forgive the slight inconvenience in creating a new account. Due to juvenile delinquents spamming garbage to the site, we had to install a "Captcha", which can differentiate a spam bot from a human. Once you open your account, confirm it by returning the email, and identifying yourself, we will give you edit privileges. Just request them by leaving a message at click here.


From English WikiChiro
Jump to: navigation, search

Internal medicine is the medical specialty dealing with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of adult diseases. Physicians specializing in internal medicine are called internists. They are especially skilled in the management of patients who have undifferentiated or multi-system disease processes.[citation needed] Internists care for hospitalized and ambulatory patients and may play a major role in teaching and research. Although some internists are full-time hospitalists, many fulfill locum tenens (temporary) positions both stateside and internationally.[1] Internal medicine is also a specialty within veterinary medicine.

The term internal medicine comes from the German term Innere Medizin, popularized in Germany in the late 19th century to describe physicians who combined the science of the laboratory with the care of patients. Many early-20th-century American doctors studied medicine in Germany and brought this medical field to the United States. Thus, the name "internal medicine" was adopted in imitation of the existing German term.[2] Specialists in internal medicine are commonly called internists in the United States. Elsewhere, especially in Commonwealth nations, such specialists are often simply called physicians. Because their patients are often seriously ill or require complex investigations, internists do much of their work in hospitals.

Definition of an internist

Internists are qualified physicians with postgraduate training in diagnosis and internal medicine and should not be confused with "interns," who are doctors in their first year of residency training.[2] Although internists may act as primary care physicians, they are not "family physicians," "family practitioners," or "general practitioners," whose training is not solely concentrated on adults and may include surgery, obstetrics, and pediatrics. The American College of Physicians defines internists as "physicians who specialize in the prevention, detection and treatment of illnesses in adults".[3]

Education and training of internists

The training and career pathways for internists vary considerably across the world.

First, they must receive the "entry-level" education required of any health care professional in the relevant jurisdiction. The entry-level for such programs is tertiary-level courses, undertaken at a medical school, osteopathic school or chiropractic school attached to a university or separately accredited.

Programs that require previous undergraduate education are usually four or five years in length. Hence, gaining a basic professional education may typically take as long as eight years, depending on jurisdiction and institution. Following completion of entry-level training, newly graduated practitioners are often required to undertake a period of supervised practice before the licensure, or registration, is granted, typically one or two years. This period may be referred to as, "internship" or "conditional registration." Then, internists require specialist training in internal medicine or one of its subspecialties. In North America, this postgraduate training is often referred to as residency training; in Commonwealth countries, such trainees are often called registrars. For chiropractors specializing in diagnosis and internal disorders, this training is three years, following graduation from an accredited chiropractic college.

Subspecialties of internal medicine

In the United States, THREE organizations are responsible for certification of subspecialists within the field: the American Board of Internal Medicine and the American Osteopathic Board of Internal Medicine and the Chiropractic Council on Diagnosis and Internal disorders.

American Board of Internal Medicine

The following are the subspecialties recognized by the American Board of Internal Medicine.[4]

Internists may also specialize in "allergy" and "immunology." The American Board of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology is a conjoint board between internal medicine and pediatrics.

American College of Osteopathic Internists

The American College of Osteopathic Internists recognizes the following subspecialties.[5]

Medical diagnosis and treatment

Medicine is mainly focused on the art of diagnosis and treatment with medication, but many subspecialties administer surgical treatment:

See also


  1. Locum Tenens Internal Medicine
  2. 2.0 2.1 American College of Physicians
  3. "ACP: Who We Are". American College of Physicians. Retrieved 2011-03-30. 
  4. "". Retrieved 2009-05-26. 
  5. "". Retrieved 2009-05-26. 

External links

bn:আভ্যন্তরীণ চিকিৎসাবিজ্ঞান

bs:Interna medicina bg:Вътрешни болести ca:Medicina interna cs:Vnitřní lékařstvíeo:Interna medicino eu:Barne medikuntza fa:پزشکی داخلیko:내과 hr:Interna medicina id:Penyakit dalamhe:רפואה פנימית jv:Panyakit njero nl:Interne geneeskunde ne:आन्तरिक चिकित्सा ja:内科学 no:Indremedisin nds:Binnere Medizin pl:Interna pt:Clínica médica ro:Medicină internă ru:Внутренние болезни sq:Internisti simple:Internal medicine sl:Interna medicina sr:Интерна медицина sh:Interna medicina fi:Sisätaudit sv:Invärtesmedicin tl:Panggagamot na panloob th:อายุรศาสตร์ tr:İç hastalıklarıvi:Nội khoa zh:內科學