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Lagerstroemia speciosa

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Lagerstroemia speciosa
Flowers on a tree in Kolkata, West Bengal, India, where it is locally called Jarul.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Myrtales
Family: Lythraceae
Genus: Lagerstroemia
Species: L. speciosa
Binomial name
Lagerstroemia speciosa
(L.) Pers.

Lagerstroemia macrocarpa Wall.[1]

Lagerstroemia speciosa (Giant Crape-myrtle, Queen's Crape-myrtle, Banabá Plant for Philippines, or Pride of India[2]) is a species of Lagerstroemia native to tropical southern Asia.


It is a small to medium-sized tree growing to 20 m tall, with smooth, flaky bark. The leaves are deciduous, oval to elliptic, 8-15 cm long and 3-7 cm broad, with an acute apex. The flowers are produced in erect panicles 20-40 cm long, each flower with six white to purple petals 2-3.5 cm long.

Cultivation and uses

Template:Refimprove-section It is grown in South East Asia, India and the Philippines. It is also widely cultivated as an ornamental plant in tropical and subtropical areas.

Banaba has a long history of folkloric medical applications that include blood pressure control, urinary dysfunctions (helps ease urination), controls the cholesterol levels, treatment of diarrhea, facilitates bowel movement, and as analgesic.[3]Template:Rs The primary active chemical ingredient of the extract is corosolic acid, and there are also numerous possible synergists including lager-stroemin, flosin B and reginin A.[citation needed] The leaves of the Banaba and other parts are used widely by the Philippines, Taiwan, and Japan as a tea preparation. Banaba herb is one of the ten herbal plants approved by the Philippine Department of Health (DOH) through its "Traditional Health Program". [4][not in citation given]



  1. Lagerstroemia macrocarpa Wall. — The Plant List
  2. " Lagerstroemia speciosa (L.) Pers. pride of India." PLANTS Profile, United States Department of Agriculture / Natural Resources Conservation Service. Retrieved 2008-07-15.
  3. [1]
  4. [2]


  1. Flora of Pakistan: Lagerstroemia speciosa
  2. Huxley, A., ed. (1992). New RHS Dictionary of Gardening 3: 10.
  3. P. Campagna. Farmaci vegetali. Minerva Medica ed. Torino 2008
  4. Philippine Institute of Traditional and Alternative Health Care
  5. Banaba Herbal Medicine

External links

Template:Myrtales-stubbn:জারুলhi:जरुल pam:Mitla ml:പൂമരുത് my:ပျဉ်းမ ja:バナバ pl:Lagerstremia wspaniała pt:Resedá-gigante te:సొగసులచెట్టు tl:Banaba th:อินทนิลน้ำ vi:Bằng lăng zh:大花紫薇