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Sports medicine

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Sports medicine is an area of health and special services that apply medical and scientific knowledge to prevent, recognize, manage, and rehabilitate injuries related to sport, exercise, or recreational activity.

Sports Medicine Team

Certified Athletic Trainer(ATC)

The ATC is a highly skilled professional specializing in the health care of physical activity Certified Athletic Trainer Responsible for care & prevention of athletic injury with out an ATC coaching staff is responsible ATC serves as a liaison between the team physician, coach, parent & athlete Responsibilities

  1. First aid care
  2. Initiate treatment plan/ protocol
  3. Design & implementation of rehab protocols
  4. Applying protective/supportive techniques that allow the athlete to regain physically active lifestyle
  5. Inventory and purchasing of supplies
  6. Completing medical/accidental record form

Team Physician

Promotes the success of the AT program “cornerstone” of the medical team, available for emergencies Duties

  1. Supervising pre-participation physical & medical history
  2. Clearing of players for Return to play after injury
  3. Work with ATC & SAT’s in further development of AT program



  1. Maintain good phys condition
  2. Selecting ,fitting & maintaining protective equip’t
  3. Play by the rules
  4. Follow the instruction of the coaches & the ATC


Can assist by keeping the child health, if kept updated on the injury Should be informed of recommended treatment at home for injury



  1. enforcing fair rules
  2. Monitoring playing conditions
  3. Cooperating with ATC & physician when injury occur & when environmental hazards exist



  1. Plan practice including: conditioning & training of the athlete & teach techniques /rules of sport
  2. Selecting ,fitting & maintaining protective equip’t
  3. Supervision of practice/ game facilities
  4. Update education by attending clinics that review rule changes, skill development, CPR/FA

SAT’s(student athletic trainer)


  1. Assisted by the ATC to develop skills in immediate care of injury, preventative techniques and basic treatment protocol
  2. Maintain clean athletic training facility
  3. Inventory control: keeping track of supplies and equipment
  4. Packing FA kits
  5. Preparing H20, inj ice &take to fields
  6. Taping, wrapping, change dressings, minor treatment, FA procedures


  1. Prevention
  2. Clinical education & diagnostic
  3. Immediate care
  4. Treatment, rehab & reconditioning
  5. Organizations & admin
  6. Professional responsibility (education & counseling)

Sports Medicine Organizations

American College of Sports Medicine International Federation of Sports Medicine (FIMS) American Chiropractic Association - Sport Council International Federation of Sports Chiropractic (FICS) National Athletic Trainers' Association(NATA)
Founded in the year 1950
The mission of the National Athletic Trainers’ Association is to enhance the quality of health care provided by certified athletic trainers and to advance the athletic training profession.
National Athletic Trainers' Association
American Medical Association(AMA)
Recognized Athletic Training(AT) as a allied health profession in 1990
American Medical Association

Common Sports Injuries

Concussion- caused by severe head trauma where the brain moves violently within the skull so that brain cells all fire at once, much like a seizure

Muscle Cramps- a sudden tight, intense pain caused by a muscle locked in spasm. Muscle cramps are also recognized as an involuntary and forcibly contracted muscle that does not relax

ACL Sprains- The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is a ligament involved in knee stabilization. An ACL rupture can occur when the foot is planted and the knee twists to change direction.

Ankle Sprain- The ligaments that hold the ankle bones in place can easily be stretched out.

Shin Splints- The tissue that attaches the muscles of your lower leg to the shin bone may be pulling away from the bone, or it may be inflamed from overuse. <ref>Common Sports Injuries." Common Sports Injuries. Union Memorial Hospital. Web. 10 Dec. 2009. <>. </ref>

See also


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