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| Aconitum carmichaelii|
Aconitum carmichaelii syn. A. fischeri, is a species of flowering plant of the genus Aconitum, family Ranunculaceae. It is native to East Asia and eastern Russia. It is commonly known as Chinese aconite, Carmichael's monkshood or Chinese wolfsbane , Torikabuto}}). It is known in Mandarin as Fu Zi (meaning daughter root, or lateral root) and as Wu Tou (meaning tuberous mother root, or root tuber).
It is valued as a garden plant, and numerous cultivars have been developed, of which 'Arendsii' and 'Kelmscott' (Wilsonii Group) have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.
All parts of this plant are extremely toxic, and it has historically been used as a poison on arrows. It is sometimes used topically in Dit Da Jow liniment. If not prepared properly by a trained person, Aconitum can be deadly when taken internally.
- Aconitine: Raw Fu Zi, 0.004%; prepared Fu Zi, trace/none.
- Hypaconitine: Raw Fu Zi, 0.12%; prepared Fu Zi, 0.001%
- Mesaconitine: Raw Fu Zi, 0.033%; prepared Fu Zi, 0.001%
- Aconitum chinense Paxton [= Aconitum carmichaelii var. truppelianum]
- Aconitum japonicum var. truppelianum Ulbr. [≡ Aconitum carmichaelii var. truppelianum]
- RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. pp. 1136. ISBN 1405332964.
- "RHS Plant Selector - Aconitum carmichaelii 'Arendsii'". http://apps.rhs.org.uk/plantselector/plant?plantid=5231. Retrieved 17 July 2013.
- "RHS Plant Selector - Aconitum carmichaelii 'Kelmscott'". http://apps.rhs.org.uk/plantselector/plant?plantid=5762. Retrieved 17 July 2013.
- Aconitum carmichaelii
- Bisset, NG (1981). "Arrow poisons in China. Part II. Aconitum--botany, chemistry, and pharmacology". Journal of Ethnopharmacology 4 (3): 247–336. PMID 7029146.
- The anthocyanin responsible for purplish blue flower colour of Aconitum chinense. Kosaku Takeda, Syuji Sato, Hiromitsu Kobayashi, Yoko Kanaitsuka, Mariko Ueno, Takeshi Kinoshita, Hiroyuki Tazaki and Takane Fujimori, Phytochemistry, June 1994, Volume 36, Issue 3, Pages 613–616, doi:10.1016/S0031-9422(00)89784-8
- Aconitum carmichaelii information from NPGS/GRIN
- Aconitum carmichaelii Debx. Medicinal Plant Images Database (School of Chinese Medicine, Hong Kong Baptist University) (Traditional Chinese) (English)
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