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SOT Table 1

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Table 1. Cranial Manipulative Therapy: Various Cranial Manipulative Related Studies Relating to Clinical Outcomes, Biological Plausibility and Efficacy of Treatment.

[Through 2006, 2006-2012 to be added]

Cuthbert S. Motion Sickness Disorder: A Review, Treatment Strategy, and Case Series Report J Chiro Med, Spr 2006.

Nelson KE, Sergueef N. Recording the Rate of the Cranial Rhythmic Impulse J Am Osteopath Assoc, Jun 2006;106(6): 337-41.

Sergueef N, Nelson KE, Glonek T., Palpatory diagnosis of plagiocephaly. Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2006 May;12(2):101-10. Epub 2006 Mar 29.

Lancaster DG, Crow WT. Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment of a 26-Year-Old Woman With Bell's Palsy J Am Osteopath Assoc May 2006; 106(5):285-89.

Hayden C, Mullinger B. A preliminary assessment of the impact of cranial osteopathy for the relief of infantile colic. Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2006 May;12(2):83-90. Epub 2006 Feb 8.

Cuthbert S., Blum C Symptomatic Arnold-Chiari malformation and cranial nerve dysfunction: a case study of applied kinesiology cranial evaluation and treatment J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2005 May;28(4):e1-6.

McPartland JM, Giuffrida A, King J, Skinner E, Scotter J, Musty RE. Cannabimimetic effects of osteopathic manipulative treatment. J Am Osteopath Assoc. 2005 Jun;105(6):283-91.

Cutler,M.J.Holland, B.S.; Stupski, B.A.; Gamber, R.G.; Smith, M.L. Cranial manipulation can alter sleep latency and sympathetic nerve activity inhumans: a pilot study. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine 2005;11(1):103-8.

Pederick F. Cranial and Other Chiropractic Adjustments in the Conservative Treatment of Chronic Trigeminal Neuralgia: A Case Report Chiro J Aust, 2005; 35:9-15.

Cook, A. The mechanics of cranial motion—the sphenobasilar synchondrosis (SBS) revisited Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies 2005;9(3):177-188.

Sabini RC, Elkowitz DE. Patency and Obliteration of the Cranial Sutures: Is There a Clinical Significance? J Am Osteopath Assoc, Jan 2005;105(1):25.

Quezada D Chiropractic care of an infant with plagiocephaly Journal of Clinical Chiropractic Pediatrics, 2004;6(1):342-8.

Vallone S. Chiropractic Evaluation and Treatment of Musculoskeletal Dysfunction in Infants Demonstrating Difficulty Breastfeeding Journal of Clinical Chiropractic Pediatrics, 2004; 6(1):349-61.

Nelson, K.E.; Sergueef, N.; Glonek, T. Cranial Manipulation Induces Sequential Changes in Blood Flow Velocity on Demand The American Academy of Osteopathy Journal 2004;14(3):15-7.

Fink M, Wahling K, Stiesch-Scholz M, Tschernitschek H. The functional relationship between the craniomandibular system, cervical spine, and the sacroiliac joint: a preliminary investigation Cranio. 2003 Jul;21(3):202-8.

King HH, Tettambel MA, Lockwood MD, Johnson KH, Arsenault DA, Quist R. Osteopathic manipulative treatment in prenatal care: a retrospective case control design J Am Osteopath Assoc. 2005 Jun;105(6):283-91.

Cuthbert S. Applied Kinesiology and Down Syndrome: a Study of Fifteen Cases The International Journal of Applied Kinesiology and Kinesiologic Medicine, 2003;16:16-21.

Sergueef, N.; Nelson, K.E.; Glonek, T. Cranial manipulation induces sequential changes in blood-flow velocity, on demand Journal of the American Osteopathic Association 2003;103(8):380.

Blum, C.L. Chiropractic Treatment of Mild Head Trauma: A Case History Proceedings of the 2002 International Conference on Spinal Manipulation. 2002.

Rivera-Martinez, S., Wells, M., Capobianco, J. A retrospective study of cranial strain patterns in patients with idiopathic Parkinson’s disease Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, August 2002;102(8):417-422.

Oleski, S, Smith G, Crow W Radiographic Evidence of Cranial Bone Mobility Cranio: The Journal of Craniomandibular Practice; Jan 2002;20(1):34-8.

Cuthbert S. An applied Kinesiology evaluation of facial neuralgia: A case history of Bell’s palsy The International Journal of Applied Kinesiology and Kinesiologic Medicine Summer 2001:42-45.

Sergueef, N.; Nelson, KE.; Glonek, T. Changes in the Traube-Herring Wave Following Cranial Manipulation The American Academy of Osteopathy Journal 2001;11(1):17.

Farasyn, A.; Vanderschueren, F. The Decrease of the Cranial Rhythmic Impulse During Maximal Physical Exertion: an Argument for the Hypothesis of Venomotion? Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies 2001;5(1):56-69.

Holtrop DP. Resolution of suckling intolerance in a 6-month-old chiropractic patient J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2000 Nov-Dec;23(9):615-8.

Funk, SL. Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment and Down Syndrome The American Academy of Osteopathy Journal 2000;10(2):36-7.

Miller RI, Clarren SK. Long-term developmental outcomes in patients with deformational plagiocephaly Pediatrics, 2000 Feb;105(2):E26.

Hewitt EG. Chiropractic Care For Infants with Dysfunctional Nursing: A Case Series Journal of Clinical Chiropractic Pediatrics. 1999 May ; 4(1): 241-4.

Blum CL. Cranial Therapeutic Treatment of Down’s Syndrome Chiropractic Technique, May 1999; 11(2): 66-76.

Moskalenko YE, Kravchenko TI, Gaidar BV, Vainshtein GB, Semernia VN, Maiorova NF, Mitrofanov VF The periodic mobility of the cranial bones in man Fiziol Cheloveka, 1999 Jan-Feb;25(1):62-70.

Drengler KE, King HH Inter-examiner reliability of palpatory diagnosis of the cranium Journal of the American Osteopathic Association 1998;98(7): 387.

Blum CL. Spinal/Cranial Manipulative Therapy and Tinnitus: A Case History Chiropractic Technique, Nov 1998;10(4):163-8.

Pick MG Spinal-cranial morphology and physiology: A review of the relationships between osseous, meningeal and neuronal structures and their role in the cranio-sacral respiratory rhythms Association of Swiss Chiropractors Conference: BŸrgenstock Hotels and Resorts : September 18, 1998.

Pick MG Anatomy & physiology of cranial motion: A look into the various intercranial rhythmic motions and their effects upon the brain, meninges and cranial bones Association of Swiss Chiropractors Conference: BŸrgenstock Hotels and Resorts : September 18, 1998.

Pick MG Cranial palpation: Hand utilization techniques & cranial rhythmic identification Association of Swiss Chiropractors Conference: BŸrgenstock Hotels and Resorts : September 18, 1998.

Pick MG Morphology of the cranial vault sutures: A comprehensive description of the vault sutures interarticular unions and developing a working knowledge toward their manipulative strategies Association of Swiss Chiropractors Conference: BŸrgenstock Hotels and Resorts : September 18, 1998.

Connelly DM, Rasmussen SA The effect of cranial adjusting on hypertension: a case report Chiropractic Technique, Aug 1998;10(2):75-78.

Blum CL, Curl DD The Relationship Between Sacro-Occipital Technique and Sphenobasilar Balance. Part Two: Sphenobasilar Strain Stacking Chiropractic Technique, Aug 1998; 10(3): 101-107.

Blum CL, Curl DD The Relationship Between Sacro-occipital Technique and Sphenobasilar Balance. Part One: the Key Continuities Chiropractic Technique, Aug 1998;10(3): 95-100.

Moskalenko YE The phenomenology and mechanisms of cranial bone fluctuations Paper Presented at Proceedings of 1st Russian Symposium St. Petersburg, Russia, May 27-29, 1998.

Lockwood MD. Cycle-to-cycle variability attributed to the primary respiratory mechanism. Journal of the American Osteopathic Association 1998;98(1):35-6 and 41-3.

Myers R. Measurement of small rhythmic motions around the human cranium in vivo Australian J of Osteopathy 1998;9(2):6-13.

Van Loon M. Colic With Projectile Vomiting: A Case Study Journal Of Clinical Chiropractic Pediatrics. 1998 Aug; 3(1): 207-10.

Drangler, KE.; King, HH. Interexaminer Reliability of Palpatory Diagnosis of the Cranium J Am Osteo Assoc 1998;98(7):387.

Pederick FO A Kaminski-type evaluation of cranial adjusting Chiropractic Technique, Feb 1997;9(1): 1-15.

Chaitow L. Review of aspects of cranio-sacral theory. British Osteopathic Journal 1997:14-22

Sanders GE, Unger JF Cranial Distortion and Category II Pelvic Blocking – A Pilot Study: Poster Presentation (Diagnostic Sciences) Proceedings of the Scientific Symposium - 1997 World Chiropractic Congress: Tokyo, Japan Jun 6-8, 1997: 252.

Ulrich, RG. Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment of Bell's Palsy The American Academy of Osteopathy Journal 1997; 7(3):28-9.

Greenman PE, Mein EA, Andary M Craniosacral manipulation Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America 1996;7(4):877-96.

Zanakis MF, Zaza W, Zhao H, Morgan R, Schatzer M Objective measurements of the cranial rhythmic impulse in children [abstract] The American Academy of Osteopathy Journal 1996;96(9) 552.

Zanakis MF, Zhao H, Schatzer M, etal, Studies of the cranial rhythmic impulse in man using a tilt table [abstract] The American Academy of Osteopathy Journal 1996;96(9)552.

Zanakis MF, Dimeo J, Madonna S, Morgan M, Drasby E. Objective measurement of the CRI with manipulation and palpation of the sacrum Journal of the American Osteopathic Association 1996;96(9):551.

Zanakis MF, Marmora M, Morgan M, Lewandoski MA Application of the CV4 technique during objective measurement of the CRI Journal of the American Osteopathic Association 1996;96(9):552.

Lewandoski MA, Drasby E, Morgan M, Zanakis M Kinematic system demonstrates cranial bone movement about the cranial sutures J Am Osteopath Assoc, 1996;96(9):551.

Zanakis MF, Morgan M, Storch I, et al. Detailed study of cranial bone motion in man J Am Osteo Assoc. 1996;96(9):552.

Opperman LA, Passarelli RW, Morgan EP, Reintjes M, Ogle RC. Cranial sutures require tissue interactions with dura mater to resist osseous obliteration in vitro J Bone Miner Res, 1995 Dec;10(12):1978-87.

Madeline LA, Elster AD. Suture closure in the human chondrocranium: CT assessment. Radiology 1995;196:747-56

Upledger J. Research and observations support the existence of a craniosacral system. Alternative Medicine Journal 1995;2(5):31-43.

Moskalenko YE, Kravchenko T, Chervotok A, Sharapov K. Bioengineering support of the cranial osteopathy treatment Med Biol Eng Comput. 1995;34:185-186.

Phillips CJ, Meyer JJ, Chiropractic Care, Including Craniosacral Therapy, During Pregnancy: A Static-Group Comparison of Obstetric Interventions during Labor and Delivery Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapy 1995 Oct ;18(8): 525-9.

Chinappi AS, Getzoff H. The Dental-Chiropractic Cotreatment of Structural Disorders of the Jaw and Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, Sep 1995; 18(7): 476-81.

Folweiler DS, Lynch OT. Nasal specific technique as part of a chiropractic approach to chronic sinusitis and sinus headaches J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 1995 Jan;18(1):38-41.

Pick M. A Preliminary Single Case Magnetic Resonance Imaging Investigation into Maxillary Frontal-Parietal Manipulation and Its Short-Term Effect upon the Intercranial Structures of an Adult Human Brain J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 1994;17(3).

Phillips CJ, Chiropractic and Pediatrics Cranial Compression and Distraction: a Possible Implication in Otitis Media Proceedings of the 1994 International conference on Spinal Manipulation: Palm Springs, California Jun 10-11, 1994: 136-39.

Degenhardt BF, Kuchera ML. The prevalence of cranial dysfunction in children with a history of otitis media from kindergarten to third grade. Journal of the American Osteopathic Association 1994;94:754.

Manley P. Cranial osteopathy and the infantile craniopathies. Journal of Naturopathic Medicine 1994;5(1):80-1.

Zanakis MF, Cebelenski RM, Dowling D, Lewandoski MA, Lauder CT, Kircher BA, Hallas BH. The cranial kinetogram: objective quantification of cranial mobility in man. Journal of the American Osteopathic Association 1994;94(9):761.

Pick M. A Preliminary Single Case Magnetic Resonance Imaging Investigation into Maxillary Frontal-Parietal Manipulation and Its Short-Term Effect upon the Intercranial Structures of an Adult Human Brain J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 1994;17(3)

Miyasaka-Hiraga J, Tanne K, Nakamura S. Finite element analysis for stresses in the craniofacial sutures produced by maxillary protraction forces applied at the upper canines Br J Orthod. 1994 Nov;21(4):343-8.

Heisey, SR, Adams, T. Role of cranial bone mobility in cranial compliance Neurosurgery, 1993;33(5):869-876.

Fredrick DR, Mulliken JB, Robb RM. Ocular manifestations of deformational frontal plagiocephaly J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 1993 Mar-Apr;30(2):92-5.

Cohen MM. Sutural biology and the correlates of craniosynostosis Am J Med Genet 1993;47:581-616.

Opperman LA, Sweeney TM, Redmon J, Persing JA, Ogle RC. Tissue interactions with underlying dura mater inhibit osseous obliteration of developing cranial sutures Developmental Dynamics 1993;1(98):312-322.

Gregory, TM Temporomandibular Disorder Associated with Sacroiliac Sprain, Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, May 1993; 16(4): 256-65.

Biedermann H. Kinematic imbalances due to suboccipital strain J Man Med, 1992;31:92-95.

Bilkey WJ Cranial suture manipulation in the treatment of torticollis J Man Med 1992;6:212-214.

Vail B, Evaluation and Cranial Treatment of the Pediatric Patient With Sagittal Suture Synostosis: A Case Report Proceedings Of The National Conference On Chiropractic 1993 Oct: 58-63.

Gitlin R, Wolf D. Uterine Contractions Following Osteopathic Cranial Manipulation - A Pilot Study. Journal of the American Osteopathic Association. 1992;92(9):1183.

Kostopoulos D, Keramidas G. Changes in Magnitude of Relative Elongation of the Falx Cerebri During the Application of External Forces on the Frontal Bone of an Embalmed Cadaver. Journal of Craniomandibular Practice, Jan 1992;10(1):9-12.

Adams T, Heisey RS, Smith MC, Briner BJ Parietal bone mobility in the anesthetized cat J Am Osteopath Assoc, 1992 May;92(5):599-600, 603-10, 615-22.

Patterson MM. Study demonstrates cranial bone mobility. Journal of the American Osteopathic Association 1992;92(5):589.

Braun BL. Postural differences between asymptomatic men and women and craniofacial pain patients Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1991 Aug;72(9):653-6.

Principato JJ. Upper airway obstruction and craniofacial morphology Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1991 Jun;104(6):881-90.

Blum C. Cranial therapeutic approach to cranial nerve entrapment Part II: Cranial nerve VII. ACA J Chiropract 1990;27(7):108.

Carruthers R. An integrated approach to children with Down’s Syndrome - a conference report. British Osteopathic Journal 1990. IV. 18-21.

The unanimous ruling of the Appellate Court in favor of W.M. Raemer, D.D.S., States that cranial therapy is an effective form of treatment for TMJ dysfunction. As such, it was ruled that dentists in Colorado are allowed to use cranial therapy for treatment in the scope of their practice. The Colorado Board of Medical Examiners vs. W.M. Raemer, D.D.S. Court of Appeals, State of Colorado, Case No. 87CA1589, March 22, 1990.

Jaslow CR Mechanical properties of cranial sutures J Biomech 1990;23(4):313-321.

Retzlaff E Cranial bones and their sutures in primates, including humans- research report. Journal of the American Osteopathion Association 1987;87(10):699-700.

Flanagan, M. The Relationship Between CSF and Fluid Dynamics in the Neural Canal J Manipulative Physiol Ther, Dec 1988;11(6):489-92.

Blum C. Cranial therapeutic approach to cranial nerve entrapment Part I: Cranial nerves III, IV, and VI. ACA J Chiropract 1988;22(7):63-67.

Blum C Spinal/cranial manipulative therapy and tinnitus: a case history Chiropractic Technique 1988;10(4):163-167.

Weiner LB, Grant LA, Grant AH. Monitoring ocular changes that may accompany use of dental appliances and/or osteopathic craniosacral manipulations in the treatment of TMJ and related problems. Cranio. 1987 Jul;5(3):278-85.

Whineray G. An investigation into the efficacy of cranial manipulation for cephalgia. Journal of the New Zealand Register of Osteopaths 1987;1(1):10-11.

Blum C. The effect of movement, stress and mechanoelectric activity within the cranial matrix Int J Orthodontics 1987;25(1-2): 1-8.

Blood SD The craniosacral mechanism and the temporomandibular joint Journal of the American Osteopathic Association 1986;86:512-9.

Gillespie B. Dental Considerations of Craniosacral Mechanism J. Craniomandibular Pract. December 1985;3:381-84.

Blum CL Biodynamics of the Cranium: A Survey The Journal of Craniomandibular Practice, Mar/May 1985: 3(2):164-71.

Carlson GE. Long term effects of treatment of craniomandibular disorders Craniomandibular Pract. Sept 1985;3(4):337-42.

Hussar CJ, Retzlaff EW, Mitchell FL Jr, Kalbfell JJ, Briner BJ Combined osteopathic and dental treatment of cephalgia Journal of the American Osteopathic Association 1985;85:605-6.

White WK, White JE, Baldt G. The relation of the craniofacial bones to specific somatic dysfunctions: a clinical study of the effects of manipulation Journal of the American Osteopathic Association 1985;85:603-604.

Retzlaff EW, Mitchell FL Jr, Walsh J, Wendecker A. The role of cranial ligaments in primates Anat Rec 1985;211:159-60.

Retzlaff EW, Mitchell FL Jr, Hussar C, Walsh J. The role of the Vth cranial nerve in the TMJ syndrome Anat Rec 1983;205:161A.

Frymann VM. Cranial osteopathy and its role in disorders of the temporomandibular joint. Dent Clin North Am. 1983 Jul;27(3):595-611.

Karni Z, Upledger JE, Mizrahi J, Heller L, Becker E, Najenson T Examination of the cranial rhythm in long-standing coma and chronic neurological cases In Text: Upledger JE,

Vredevoogd JD, Craniosacral Therapy, Eastland Press, Seattle, WA, 1983:275-81.

Upledger JE, Vredevoogd JD. Examination of the cranial rhythm in long-standing coma and chronic neurologic cases In Craniosacral Therapy. Eastland Press, Seattle. 1983:275-281.

Cope M Calibration of a device for the measurement of the cranial rhythmic impulse - research report. Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, 1983;8(3):1-69.

Jones L, Retzlaff E, Mitchell FL Jr., Upledger J, Walsh J. Significance of nerve fibers interconnecting cranial suture vasculature, the superior sagittal sinus, and the third ventricle. Journal of the American Osteopathic Association 1982;82:113.

Libin B. Occlusal Changes Related to Cranial Bone Mobility International Journal of Orthodontics, 20(1), March 1982

Harakal JH Dissection offers proof of Sutherland’s concept JAOA. Oct 1982;82:87.

Retzlaff EW, Mitchell FL Jr, Upledger J Efficacy of cranial sacral manipulationL the physiological mechanism of the cranial sutures J Soc Osteopath 1982-83;12:8-12.

Retzlaff EW, Mitchell FL Jr, Upledger JE, Efficacy of cranial sacral manipulation: the physiological mechanism of the cranial sutures. Journal of the Society of Osteopaths 1982-83;12:8-13.

Peterson, K A Review of Cranial Mobility, Sacral Mobility, and Cerebrospinal Fluid Journal of the Australian Chiropractic Association. 1982 Apr ; 12(3): 7-14.

Younoszai R, Frymann VM, Bordell BE, et al. Effects of temporal manipulation on respiration JAOA. Jul 1981;80:751-RES.

Mitchell FL Jr, Brooks HD, Bunnel WB. You can help children with scoliosis Patient Care Apr 1981; 30.

Heifitz, MD, Weiss M. Detection of skull expansion with increased cranial pressure J Neurosurg, 1981;55:811-812.

Retzlaff EW, Mitchell FL Jr, Upledger J Nerve fibers present within the parietal cranial bones of primates. Journal of the American Osteopathic Association 1981;80:753-754.

Retzlaff EW, Mitchell FL Jr., Upledger J, Vredevoogd J, Walsh J. Light and scanning microscopy of nerve fibers within the parietal bones of primates. Anat Rec 1981;199:21.

Retzlaff EW, Mitchell FL Jr, Upldeger JE, Vredevoogd J, Walsh J, Neurovascular mechanisms in cranial sutures - research report. Journal of the American Osteopathic Association 1980;80(3):218-9.

Upledger J, Vredevoogd JD, Retzlaff EW, Raynesford AK, Howeard TF Autistic children: preliminary physiologic, structural and craniosacral evaluations - research report. Journal of the American Osteopathic Association 1979;79(2):123.

Upledger JE, Karni S Mechano-electric patterns during craniosacral osteopathic diagnosis and treatment Journal of the American Osteopathic Association 1979;78:782-91.

Retzlaff EW, Upledger J, Michell FL Jr, Walsh J, Aging of cranial sutures in humans Anat Rec 1979;193:663

Retzlaff EW, Upldeger JE, Mitchell FL Jr, Walsh J, Vredevoogd J, Age-related changes in human cranial sutures - research report. Journal of the American Osteopathic Association 1979;79(1):60-1.

Kokich VG, Shapiro PA, Moffett BC, Retzlaff EW. Craniofacial sutures. Aging in nonhuman primates New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold: 356-368, 1979.

Retzlaff EW, Mitchell FL jr, Upledger J, Biggert T Nerve fibers and endings in cranial sutures - research report. Journal of the American Osteopathic Association 1978;77(6):474-5.

Roppel RM, St Pierre N, Mitchell FL Jr, Measurement of accuracy in bimanual perception of motion Journal of the American Osteopathic Association 1978;77:475.

Tettambel M, Cicora RA, Lay EM Recording of the cranial rhythmic impulse - research report. Journal of the American Osteopathic Association 1978;78(2):149.

Upledger J. Mechano-electrically recorded physiological patterns which relate to subjectively reported craniosacral mechanism phenomena - research report. Journal of the American Osteopathic Association 1978;78(4):297.

Upledger JE The Relationship of Craniosacral Examination Findings in Grade School Children with Developmental Problems Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, June 1978; 77: 760/69 - 776/85.

Morey LW Jr Uses of cranial manipulative therapy Osteopath Med 1978;3:43-52. Upledger JE, Retzlaff EW Cranial suture pain Second World Congress on Pain: Int Assoc Study Pain 1978;1:120.

Upledger JE Bioelectric and strain measurements during cranial manipulation. Journal of the Society of Osteopaths 1978;5:24.

Upledger JE. The relationship between craniosacral examination findings and the problems of special education students. Am Osteopath Assoc Res Conf, 1978. Upledger JE The Reproducibility of Craniosacral Examination Findings: A Statistical Analysis Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, Aug 1977; 76: 890/67 - 899/76.

Lavitan S The whiplash syndrome in the light of the craniosacral mechanism J Clin Chiropract 1977;2:28.

Mitchell FL Jr. Voluntary and involuntary respiration and the craniosacral mechanism Osteopath Annals 1977;5:52-59.

Frymann VM. Learning Difficulties of Children Viewed in the Light of the Osteopathic Concept Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, Sept 1976; 76: 46-61.

Frymann VM The trauma of birth Osteopath Ann 1976;4:22-31.

Kokich VG Age changes in the human frontozygomatic suture from 20 to 95 years Am J Orthod, 1976 Apr;69(4):411-30.

Popevec JP, Biggert TP, Retzlaff EW, Histological techniques for cranial bone studies - research report. Journal of the American Osteopathic Association 1976;75(6):606-7.

St Pierre N, Roopel R, Retzlaff EW, The detection of relative movements of cranial bones Journal of the American Osteopathic Association 1976; 76:289.

Retzlaff EW, Michael DK, Roppel RM. Cranial bone mobility. J Am Osteopath Assoc, 1975 May;74(9):869-73.

Michael DK, Retzlaff EW A preliminary study of cranial bone movement in the squirrel monkey. Journal of the American Osteopathic Association 1975;74:866-880.

Magoun, HI Trauma – A neglected cause of cephalgia JAOA. Jan 1975;74:400-10.

Gelb H, Tarte J Two-year clinical dental evaluation of 200 cases of chronic headaches: The craniocervical –mandibular syndrome J Am Dent Assoc. Dec 1975;91(6):1230-6.

Lay EM. Osteopathic Management of Trigeminal Neuralgia JAOA. January 1975;74:373-89.

Brookes, D Indications for cranial therapy in general osteopathic practice. British Osteopathic Journal. 1973.6.2.25-8

Woods, R. Structural Normalization in Infants and Children with Particular Reference to Disturbances of the Central Nervous System Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, May 1973; 72: 903-908.

Retzlaff EW, Jones L, Mitchell FL Jr., Upledger J. Possible autonomic innervation of cranial sutures of primates and other mammals. Brain Research 1973;58:470-477.

Gelb H Review correlating the Medical-Dental Relationship in the Craniomandibular Syndrome NY J. Dent. 1971;41(5):163-75.

Magoun H. Pertinent Approach to Pituitary Pathology D.O. Magazine. July 1971;11(11):133-141.

Frymann VM A study of the rhythmic motions of the living cranium Journal of the American Osteopathic Association 1971;70:1-18.

Baker E. Alteration in Width of Maxillary Arch and its Relation to Sutural Movement of Cranial Bones Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, Feb 1971;70:559-564

Greenman PE. Roentgen Findings in the Craniosacral Mechanism Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, 1970;70:24-35.

Mitchell FL Jr, Pruzzo NA Investigation of voluntary and primary respiration mechanisms Journal of the American Osteopathic Association 1970:70:179-153.

Magoun H. Entrapment neuropathy in the cranium. Journal of the American Osteopathic Association 1968;67(6):643-52.

Magoun H. Entrapment neuropathy of the central nervous system. Part II. Cranial nerves I-IV, VI-VIII, XII. Journal of the American Osteopathic Association 1968;67(7);779-87.

Magoun H. Entrapment neuropathy of the central nervous system. Part III. Cranial nerves V, IX, X, XI. Journal of the American Osteopathic Association 1968;67(8):889-99.

Latham RA The sliding of cranial bones at sutural surfaces during growth. J Anat 1968;103:593.

Frymann VM. Relation of Disturbances of Craniosacral Mechanisms to Symptomatology of the Newborn, Study of 1,250 Infants Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, June 1966; 65: 1059-1075.

Frymann VM, Carney RE, Springall P. Effect of osteopathic medical management on neurological development in children. Journal of the American Osteopathic Association 1966;65: 1059-1075.

Woods JM, Woods RM Physical findings related to psychiatric disorders Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, Aug 1961;60.

Moss ML The pathogenesis of premature cranial synostosis in man. Acta Anat 1959;37:51-370. Arbuckle B. Subclinical Signs of Trauma JAOA. November 1958; 58:160-66.

Girgis FL, Pritchard JL, Scott JH. Structure and development of cranial bone sutures J Anat. 1956;90:70-86.

Arbuckle BE. The Value of Occupational and Osteopathic Manipulative Therapy in the Rehabilitation of the Cerebral Palsy Victim Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, 1955 Dec; 55(4).

Baily KG. Head Trauma in Children and its effect on Pituitary Gland JAOA. November 1954; 54: 208-11.

Lippincott RC. Cranial thinking and Meniere's disease. Journal of the Osteopathic Cranial Association 1954;56-60.

Arbuckle B. Effects of Uterine Forceps Upon the Fetus JAOA. May 1954; 53:499-508. Reid C. Cranial technic as related to eye, ear, nose and throat. Journal of the American Osteopathic Association 1949;48(8):428-31.

Arbuckle B. Cranial Reinforcement from a Manipulative Standpoint; Articulations, Stress Bands, Buttressess JAOA. 1949; 49:188-94.

Arbuckle B. Cranial Aspect of Emergencies in the Newborn JAOA. May 1948; 47:507-11. Lippincott H Case of birth injury or cranial trauma. Academy of Applied Osteopathy Yearbook 1948;1:58.

Northup T. Osteopathic cranial technic and its influence on hypertension. Academy of Applied Osteopathy Yearbook 1948:70-7. Lippincott RC. Interesting cases of infantile paralysis AAO Yearbook 1947:109.

Kimberly PE Two case records of cranial lesions Osteopathic Profession. March 1945;12(6):29-30.

Stevenson GM. Improvement of Traumatic Head Injuries under Osteopathic Care JAOA. October 1943; 43:120.