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Phonophoresis is the use of ultrasound to enhance the delivery of topically applied substances. Phonophoresis has been used in an effort to enhance the absorption of topically applied analgesics and anti-inflammatory agents through the therapeutic application of ultrasound.
- Srbely JZ (March 2008). "Ultrasound in the management of osteoarthritis: part I: a review of the current literature". JCCA J Can Chiropr Assoc 52 (1): 30–7. PMID 18327300.
- Darrow H, Schulthies S, Draper D, Ricard M, Measom GJ (Oct–Dec 1999). "Serum Dexamethasone Levels After Decadron Phonophoresis". J Athl Train 34 (4): 338–341. PMID 16558583.
- Hoppenrath T, Ciccone CD (January 2006). "Is there evidence that phonophoresis is more effective than ultrasound in treating pain associated with lateral epicondylitis?". Phys Ther 86 (1): 136–40. PMID 16386068. http://www.ptjournal.org/cgi/content/full/86/1/136.
- Bare AC, McAnaw MB, Pritchard AE, et al. (July 1996). "Phonophoretic delivery of 10% hydrocortisone through the epidermis of humans as determined by serum cortisol concentrations". Phys Ther 76 (7): 738–45; discussion 746–9. PMID 8677278. http://www.ptjournal.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=8677278.
- Byl NN (June 1995). "The use of ultrasound as an enhancer for transcutaneous drug delivery: phonophoresis". Phys Ther 75 (6): 539–53. PMID 7770499. http://www.ptjournal.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=7770499.
- Gogstetter DS, Goldsmith LA (May 1999). "Treatment of cutaneous sarcoidosis using phonophoresis". J. Am. Acad. Dermatol. 40 (5 Pt 1): 767–9. doi:10.1016/S0190-9622(99)70162-3. PMID 10321609. http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0190-9622(99)70162-3.
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