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Educational accreditation

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Educational accreditation of Chiropractic institutions, really began in earnest in the 1970's.

In the U.S., chiropractic schools are accredited through the Council on Chiropractic Education (CCE) while the General Chiropractic Council (GCC) is the statutory governmental body responsible for the regulation of chiropractic in the UK.[1][2] CCEs in the U.S., Canada, Australia and Europe have joined to form CCE-International (CCE-I) as a model of accreditation standards with the goal of having credentials portable internationally.[3] Today, there are 18 accredited Doctor of Chiropractic programs in the U.S.,[4] 2 in Canada,[5] 6 in Australasia,[6] and 5 in Europe.[7] All but one of the chiropractic colleges in the U.S. are privately funded, but in several other countries they are in government-sponsored universities and colleges.[8]

Regulatory colleges and chiropractic boards in the U.S., Canada, and Australia are responsible for protecting the public, standards of practice, disciplinary issues, quality assurance and maintenance of competency.[9][10] There are an estimated 53,000 chiropractors in the U.S. (2006),[11] 7,000 in Canada (2009),[12] 2,500 in Australia (2000),[13] and 1,500 in the UK (2000).[14]


  1. "The Council on Chiropractic Education (CCE)". The Council on Chiropractic Education. Retrieved 2008-07-05. 
  2. "The General Chiropractic Council". Retrieved 2008-07-26. 
  3. "History and Purpose of The Councils on Chiropractic Education International". Councils on Chiropractic Education International. 2005. Retrieved 2008-06-13. 
  4. "Accredited Doctor of Chiropractic programs". The Council on Chiropractic Education. Retrieved 2008-02-22. 
  5. "Accreditation of educational programmes". Canadian Federation of Chiropractic Regulatory and Educational Accrediting Boards. Retrieved 2009-06-05. 
  6. "Accredited, or recognised, chiropractic programs". Council on Chiropractic Education Australasia. 2009-03-12. Retrieved 2009-07-25. 
  7. "Institutions holding Accredited Status with the ECCE". European Council On Chiropractic Education. 2009-07-23. Retrieved 2009-07-25. 
  8. DeVocht JW (2006). "History and overview of theories and methods of chiropractic: a counterpoint". Clin Orthop Relat Res 444: 243–9. doi:10.1097/01.blo.0000203460.89887.8d. PMID 16523145. 
  9. "Facts & FAQs". Canadian Chiropractic Association. 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-08. 
  10. "Chiropractic regulatory boards". Greeley, CO: Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards. Retrieved 2009-06-05. 
  11. "Chiropractors". U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. 2007. Retrieved 2008-07-05. 
  12. "Number of licensed chiropractors in Canada". Canadian Chiropractic Association. Retrieved 2009-06-05. 
  13. Campbell JB, Busse JW, Injeyan HS (2000). "Chiropractors and vaccination: a historical perspective". Pediatrics 105 (4): e43. doi:10.1542/peds.105.4.e43. PMID 10742364. 
  14. Chapman-Smith D (2000). "Current status of the profession". The Chiropractic Profession: Its Education, Practice, Research and Future Directions. West Des Moines, IA: NCMIC. ISBN 1-892734-02-8.