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Manipulation under anesthesia
Until recently most contemporary guidelines found the research related to manipulation under anesthesia (MUA) to be lacking, and as a result recommendations for MUA are limited to non-existent. However in 2012 researchers followed 3 patients who failed low back surgery and regressed to previous pain and disability levels, and who were provided MUA. After evaluation the patients were treated with a series of MUA over three consecutive days by qualified chiropractic or osteopathic physicians. The patients were then provide post-MUA physiotherapy and/or rehabilitation lasting 8 weeks. The results: Pain and disability outcomes all improved immediately following treatment and were maintained one year after conclusion of the treatment. 
- Morningstar, Mark et al (2012 March). "Manipulation under anesthesia for patients with failed back surgery: retrospective report of 3 cases with 1-year follow-up". J Chiropr Med 11 (1): 30-35. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3315860/. Retrieved 2/17/2013.